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Best Psychiatric Illness & Addiction Treatment Center in Bhubaneswar, India


A psychiatric disorder is a mental illness diagnosed by a mental health professional that greatly disturbs your thinking, moods, and/or behavior and seriously increases your risk of disability, pain, death, or loss of freedom. We are giving 8 therapies to cure a patient
1. Psychotherapy

Behavioral therapy

Cognitive therapy

Interpersonal therapy


Psychodynamic psychotherapy

Supportive psychotherapy etc.

2. Physiotherapy

Physiotherapy is a healthcare profession that assists people to restore, maintain and maximize their strength, function, movement, and overall well-being.

Physiotherapists have in-depth knowledge of how the body works and specialized hands-on clinical skills to assess, diagnose, and treat symptoms of illness, injury, and disability.

Physiotherapy includes rehabilitation, as well as prevention of injury, and promotion of health and fitness. Physiotherapists often work in teams with other health professionals to help meet an individual's healthcare needs.

Physiotherapy helps you in several ways:

become stronger and more flexible

increase freedom of movement and mobility

breathe easier

reduce pain

stay active

prevent injury

The profession helps to encourage development and facilitate recovery, enabling people to stay at work while helping them remain independent for as long as possible.

3. Yoga

Yoga is a type of therapy that uses yoga postures, breathing exercises, meditation, and guided imagery to improve mental and physical health. The holistic focus of yoga therapy encourages the integration of mind, body, and spirit. Modern yoga therapy covers a broad range of therapeutic modalities, incorporating elements from both physical therapy and psychotherapy.

Yoga therapy is effective for treating body-focused conditions, caused due to chronic pain, stress, or trauma that has been stored in the body and manifests through anxiety or depression-related symptoms.

It is practiced in a wide range of formats. Physical therapists, for example, often implement yoga techniques in their delivery of massage and other treatments. Yoga practice can resemble physical therapy, rehabilitative therapy, and/or psychotherapy.

Unlike a standard yoga class, yoga therapy sessions are typically conducted in one-on-one or small group settings. It can be provided as an adjunct therapy to complement other forms of treatment, or it can be used to directly treat a specific issue. Yoga techniques range from simple to advanced and can be enjoyed by people of all ages. Potential benefits from yoga therapy include stress reduction, psychological well-being, improved diet, and efficient functioning of bodily systems.

4. Music Therapy

Music therapy is the clinical use of music to accomplish individualized goals such as reducing stress and improving mood and self-expression. It is an evidence-based therapy well-established in the health community. Music therapy includes listening, singing, playing instruments, or composing music. It helps people improve their mental health and overall well-being.

Music therapists use a person’s responses and connections to music to encourage positive changes in mood and overall mental mindset. It can help improve confidence, communication skills, independence, self-awareness, awareness of others, and concentration and attention skills.

As music can evoke positive emotions and stimulate reward centers in the brain, music therapy is often able to alleviate symptoms of mental health concerns such as:


Mood-related concerns



Substance dependency


Personality issues



It can both assess and enhance cognitive, social, emotional, and motor functioning, and studies have shown positive results among individuals who have intellectual or physical difficulties, brain injuries, etc.

5. Exposure Therapy

Exposure therapy is a technique in behavior therapy to treat anxiety disorders. Exposure therapy involves exposing the target patient to the anxiety source or its context without the intention to cause any danger. Doing so is thought to help them overcome their anxiety or distress.

6. Interpersonal Therapy

Interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT) is a time-limited, focused, evidence-based approach to treating mood disorders. The main goal of this therapy (IPT) is to help you improve your interpersonal relationship and social functioning by addressing problems that contribute to your depression.

IPT is a short-term and effective treatment for several mental conditions:


Bipolar disorder

Borderline personality disorder (BPD)


Eating disorders

Perinatal and postpartum depression

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

Social anxiety disorders

Substance and alcohol use disorders

It may also help deal with attachment issues, grief, life adjustment, transitions, and relationship conflicts, IPT Therapies Sessions are mostly structured and involve regular assessment, therapist interviews, and homework assignments.

7. Psychodynamic Therapy

Psychodynamic therapy involves the interpretation of mental and emotional processes rather than focusing on behavior. Psychodynamic therapists attempt to help clients find patterns in their emotions, thoughts, and beliefs to gain insight into their current selves.

8. Naturopathy Treatment

Licensed Naturopathic Doctors (NDs) excel at treating anxiety because they focus on treating the whole person, and on addressing the underlying causes of the condition. NDs have a deep toolbox of evidence-based, natural therapies including clinical nutrition, botanical medicine, and behavioral medicine to draw from.

9. Acceptance and Commitment Therapy

Acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) is a type of psychotherapy that emphasizes acceptance as a way to deal with negative thoughts, feelings, symptoms, or circumstances. It encourages people to embrace their thoughts and feelings rather than fighting or feeling guilt.

It plays a vital role in developing psychological flexibility that combines mindfulness skills with the practice of self-acceptance. In this type of treatment, one commits to facing the problem head-on rather than avoiding stress. By doing so you can facilitate your experience and embrace any challenge.

The Sessions include some mindful exercises to foster non-judgmental, healthy awareness of thoughts, feelings, sensations, and memories that you have otherwise avoided.

Your therapist may also help highlight moments when your actions didn't fit your values while helping you understand which behaviors would fit.

During ACT, your therapists help you learn how to apply these concepts to your life. They may teach you how to practice acceptance and cognitive diffusion, or they may help you develop a different sense of yourself that’s distinct from your thoughts and feelings.

10. Acupuncture Therapy

Acupuncture is a form of complementary therapy that involves the insertion of very thin needles through your skin at strategic points on your body.

Acupuncture can help relieve pain and treat a range of other complaints. Increasingly, it is being used for overall wellness, including stress management. Acupuncture has roots in traditional Chinese medicine and is now it’s a common therapy for treating chronic pain, mental health as well as some other physical health conditions.

It is a flexible form of treatment that is used to relieve discomfort associated with a variety of diseases and conditions, including:

Chemotherapy-induced, postoperative nausea & vomiting

Dental pain


Stress Disorders

Headaches, including tension headaches and migraines

Labour pain

Lower back pain

Neck pain


Menstrual cramps

Respiratory disorders, such as allergic rhinitis

Tennis elbow

It is a useful technique for balancing the flow of energy or life force. Inserting needles into specific points reduces physical pain as well as mental stress.

11. Adventure Therapy

Adventure Therapy is a powerful form of experiential therapy that inspires emotional healing. Adventure therapy uses adventure experiences provided by mental health professionals, usually in natural settings. Moreover, it’s particularly impactful for adolescents.

It can act as a useful therapy for a wide range of conditions including:






Memory Loss

Eating disorders

Substance use disorders


This type of therapy generally takes place outdoors and involves a variety of fun and often challenging physical activities. Therefore, trained mental health professionals provide guidance and supervision as teens take part in excursions such as camping, hiking, mountain climbing, kayaking, ropes courses, and even surfing.

It allows teens to venture outside their comfort zones with some special activities. Providing opportunities to escape from the daily routine and mastering challenges in a collaborative environment, helps to boost adolescents' self-esteem and social skills.

This therapy is conducted under the guidance of specialized trainers/ therapists.

12. Art Therapy

Art therapy is a form of expressive therapy that uses the creative process of making art to improve a person’s physical, mental, and emotional well-being. It involves the use of creative techniques such as drawing, painting, collage, coloring, or sculpting to help people express themselves artistically and examine the psychological and emotional undertones in their art. It helps people to resolve mental health issues as well as develop and manage their behaviors, feelings, reduce stress, improve self-esteem and awareness.

Art therapists work with individuals, couples, and groups in a variety of settings, including private counseling, hospitals, wellness centers, correctional institutions, senior centers, and other community centers.

This type of therapy can help with many conditions and experiences, including:

Emotion exploration

Self-esteem problems






Personality disorders

Physical illnesses and disabilities

It is accessible to people of all ages, including those who do not consider themselves good at art. Research indicates that it might be helpful for people with a wide variety of conditions, from eating disorders to trauma.

13. Aromatherapy

Aromatherapy is based on the usage of aromatic materials, including essential oils, and other aroma compounds, with claims for improving psychological or physical well-being. It is also known as essential oil therapy. It enhances both physical and emotional health.

This therapy is being used for the well-being of body and mind for thousands of years with proven physical and psychological benefits. In this kind of treatment, essential oils extracted from plants are used, by either breathing them through the nose or putting them on the skin. Some people put the oils on their skin when they get a massage or take a bath.

Aromatherapy provides an improvement in health problems like anxiety and sleep disorder. Apart from that it has an array of benefits :

Manage Pain

Improve Sleep Quality

Reduce Stress, Agitation, and Anxiety

Soothe Sore Joints

Treat Headaches and Migraines

Alleviate Side Effects of Chemotherapy

Ease Discomforts of Labour

Fight Bacteria, Viruses, or Fungus

Improve Digestion

Improve Hospice and Palliative Care

Boost Immunity

It has the potential to treat many conditions, including asthma, insomnia, fatigue, cancer, menopause, arthritis, menstrual issues, etc.

14. Attachment-based family therapy (ABFT)

Attachment-based family therapy (ABFT) is a type of family therapy in which a mental health professional aims to help parents and children repair ruptures in their relationship and work to develop or rebuild an emotionally secure relationship.

This approach, which is grounded in attachment theory, has been empirically supported as an effective treatment for adolescents experiencing suicidal ideation and/or depression. It is specifically designed to treat depression and suicide in adolescents.

In addition, ABFT had the following positive results for adolescents:

Significant decreases in rates of depression diagnosis

Reduced severity of depression and anxiety symptoms

Decreases in feelings of hopelessness

Lower incidence of suicidal ideation

Increased attachment to their mothers

Moreover, healing root issues such as relational trauma and depression decreases the risk of co-occurring issues, such as substance abuse and eating disorders

With its unique emphasis on the adolescent's developmental need for attachment and autonomy, ABFT aims to facilitate corrective attachment experiences within the therapy session.

15. Biochemical Restoration

Biochemical restoration is an increasingly recognized form of treatment that can be used alongside other holistic treatment methods for recovery, such as therapy treatment options and detox plans. Biochemical restoration will involve your diet to try and restore a more natural balance to your body. Its goal is to analyze bio shortcomings in the body that make a person more prone to addiction.

It can help people fight and cope with various types of addictions such as drug addiction and alcoholism along with things like eating disorders.

Biochemical restoration provides the following benefits: -

Helps prevent relapse

Curbs cravings

Decreases or even eliminates symptoms of depression and anxiety

Improves your health (even after you finish initial recovery/treatment)

Typically results in long-lasting sobriety

It can be used beside/in addition to other treatment methods

16. Ayurveda

Ayurvedic medicine “Ayurveda” is one of the world's oldest holistic whole-body and mind healing systems. It is s an alternative medicine system with historical roots in the Indian subcontinent. The practice of Ayurveda is heavily followed in India and Nepal, where around 80% of the population report using it somewhere in their lives. Its main goal is to promote good health by not fighting the disease.

Ayurveda therapies have varied and evolved over more than two millennia. Therapies include herbal medicines, special diets, meditation, yoga, massage, laxatives, enemas, and medical oils. Ayurvedic preparations are typically based on complex herbal compounds, minerals, and metal substances under the influence of early Indian alchemy

It is the most effective treatment for a wide variety of physical and mental conditions like anxiety, asthma, heart disease, skin problems, heart disease, high blood pressure, breathing disorders, cancer, diabetes, nausea after eating, obesity, etc. Ayurveda therapy is the most powerful treatment for all three doshas. The three Doshas are mainly Vata Dosha, Kapha Dosha, and Pitta Dosa.

It controls very basic body functions, like how cells divide and act upon it. Ayurvedic Therapy also controls your mind, breathing, blood flow, heart function, and the ability to get rid of waste through your intestines. Things that can disrupt it include eating again too soon after a meal, fear, grief, and staying up too late.

17. Body Image Therapy

Body image counseling challenges your poor self-image and helps develop a positive view of yourself as a whole person. Therapy is often an effective way to address body image concerns. In therapy, a person may explore all the factors that contributed to their current attitudes.

It can help a person rebuild a self-image. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is a common form of treatment for body image issues. In CBT, a person can learn to recognize when they are being unfair to themselves. They can spot situations that prompt their self-criticism and learn to avoid these triggers. A therapist can also teach them how to “fight back” against negativity with mindfulness and positive self-talk.

18. Cognitive Behavioural Therapy

Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is a psychotherapeutic treatment that aims to reduce symptoms of various mental health conditions, primarily depression and anxiety disorders. It focuses on challenging and changing cognitive distortions (such as thoughts, beliefs, and attitudes) and their associated behaviors to improve emotional regulation and develop personal coping strategies that target solving current problems.

It is used to treat a wide range of conditions, including:


Anger issues


Bipolar disorder


Eating disorders

Panic attacks

Personality disorders


It may be conducted one-on-one or in groups with family members or with people who have similar issues is a common form of talk therapy where your therapist will encourage you to talk about your thoughts and feelings and what's troubling you. Your therapist can help you gain more confidence and comfort.

Cognitive behavioral therapy may not cure your condition or make an unpleasant situation go away. But it can give you the power to cope with your situation in a healthy way and to feel better about yourself and your life.

19. Couples Counselling

Couple counseling, also called couples therapy, is a type of psychotherapy that helps couples of all types recognize and resolve conflicts and improve their relationships. Through Couple Counselling, you can make thoughtful decisions about rebuilding your relationship or going your separate ways.

Counseling often includes sessions that are designed to improve problemsolving, build communication skills, and identify life goals and relationship responsibilities. Other common issues include infidelity, anger, financial problems, illness, or other life changes.

Some forms of this therapy include marriage counseling, premarital counseling, and family therapy. Depending on the level of distress in the relationship, therapy can be short-term or over a period of several months or even years. An experienced therapist can counsel couples who are specialized in relationship, family, and marriage-related issues.

It can address a wide range of relationship issues, including recurring conflicts, feelings of disconnection, an affair, issues related to sex, difficulties due to external stressors, etc. It is generally more focused on relationship challenges like balances of responsibilities and future expectations.

20. Craniosacral Therapy

Craniosacral therapy (CST) is a gentle hands-on technique that uses a light touch to examine membranes and movement of the fluids in and around the central nervous system. Relieving tension in the central nervous system promotes a feeling of well-being by eliminating pain and boosting health and immunity.

It is a profound, non-invasive, healing process that works through gentle touch to release stress, disturbance, injury, and deep-seated trauma. It is known to benefit an entire range of problems, from minor aches and pains to severe chronic conditions.

Cranial sacral therapy can be used for people of all ages. It may be part of your treatment for conditions like:

Migraines and headaches


Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)

Disturbed sleep cycles and insomnia


Sinus infections

Neck pain


Recurrent ear infections or colic in infants

Trauma recovery, including trauma from whiplash

Mood disorders like anxiety or depression

A CST session similar to massage therapy, begins with a consultation with your trained therapist to identify troubled areas. Soft music and low lighting are often used to increase your state of relaxation.

The therapist uses gentle pressure techniques to assess the existence of possible disruptions and/or restrictions in your fascial system. Light touch and fascial release may help your muscles and organs naturally relieve stress, which improves function. Other patients often report feeling a sense of deep relaxation.

21. Group Therapy

Group therapy is a form of psychotherapy that involves one or more mental health practitioners who deliver psychotherapy to several individuals in each session. It helps people improve their mental health and social skills.

It can benefit people of different ages, sexual orientations, gender identities, and races, cultural and ethnic backgrounds who want help with specific concerns, such as depression, anxiety, serious medical illness, loss, addictive disorders, or behavioral challenges. In addition, the group can benefit those seeking self-development by providing a safe environment in which to learn and grow.

Group therapy can reduce wait times and give more people access to mental healthcare.

22. Dance Therapy

Dance/movement therapy is the psychotherapeutic use of movement and dance to support intellectual, emotional, and motor functions of the body.

It is beneficial for both physical and mental health, used for stress reduction, disease prevention, and mood management. In addition, DMT's physical component offers increased muscular strength, coordination, mobility, and decreased muscular tension. This therapy can be used with all populations and with individuals, couples, families, or groups. In general, dance therapy promotes self-awareness, self-esteem, and a safe space for the expression of feelings.

Dance therapy can be used to treat a number of physical and mental health issues. It can be helpful for improving self-esteem and can be useful for people who struggle with body image issues. Some conditions that it may help with include:



Chronic pain

Communication issues



Disordered eating

Low self-esteem

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

Dance/movement therapy is a versatile form of therapy founded on the idea that motion and emotion are interconnected. The creative expression of dance therapy can bolster communication skills and inspire dynamic relationships. It is commonly used to treat physical, psychological, cognitive, and social issues.

23. Dialectical Behavioural Therapy

Dialectical behavioral therapy (DBT) is an evidence-based psychotherapy that began with efforts to treat personality disorders and interpersonal conflicts. It is a type of cognitive behavioral therapy. The main goals of this therapy are to teach people how to live in the moment, develop healthy ways to cope with stress, regulate their emotions, and improve their relationships with others. DBT focuses on helping people accept the reality of their lives and their behaviors, as well as helping them learn to change their lives, including their unhelpful behaviors. It helps people in managing and regulating their emotions.

DBT has proven to be effective for treating and managing a wide range of mental health conditions, including:

Borderline personality disorder (BPD)


Suicidal behavior

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

Substance use disorder

Eating disorders, specifically binge eating disorder and bulimia



In DBT, the patient and therapist work to resolve the apparent contradiction between selfacceptance and change to bring about positive changes in the individual in treatment.

24. Didactic Group Therapy

Didactic group therapy is a treatment program that is designed to help addicts break the cycle of addiction through instructorled education. It is generally performed in group sessions, although it can be performed in individual therapy sessions. In Didactic, groups are designed for the purpose of educating group members about issues related to substance abuse, behaviors associated with substance abuse, and the consequences of substance abuse. These groups are very structured, concentrate on specific content, and may use lectures, videos, or audio recordings.

The therapist in didactic therapy sessions most often assumes the roles of educator and group facilitator. Other core characteristics of a successful group therapist should also be present, such as positive regard for others, warmth, sincerity, and empathy.

It helps to increase a person’s reasoning and emotional regulation. It gives the patient the problem-solving skills needed to deal with difficult thoughts, behaviors, events, or feelings toward a situation.

25. Expressive Art Therapy

Expressive arts therapy is a multimodal approach, combining psychology and the creative process to promote personal growth and healing. Expressive arts therapy utilizes a variety of methods including writing, music, visual arts, drama, and dance to help people achieve personal growth. This type of qualified and trained therapist helps them explore and understand their reactions to their experience with different forms of expressive art.

Expressive arts therapy is used with both children and adults, as individuals or in groups, to nurture deep personal growth and transformation. This form of treatment uses creative activities to help you share and process feelings and memories that may be hard to put into words. That's why It’s also called expressive arts therapy, art therapy, creative arts therapy, or experiential therapy.

It is used as a part of the treatment strategy for a wide variety of behavioral, emotional, and mental health conditions. These include:

Attention-deficit hyperactivity

Developmental disabilities

Eating disorders

Traumatic brain injury

High levels of stress



Posttraumatic stress

Chronic medical illnesses

Social challenges

In an expressive therapy session, a trained therapist guides you through the process of expressing yourself through art.

26. Experiential Therapy

Experiential therapy is a category of therapeutic techniques in which expressive tools and activities—such as role-playing or acting, props, arts and crafts, music, animal care, guided imagery, or various forms of recreation—are to re-enact and re-experience recreate specific situations from past and present situation in their lives.

The objective of this therapy is to focus on the activities and, through these experiences, better identify emotions associated with success, disappointment, responsibility, and self-esteem. There are many forms of experiential therapy, such as animal-assisted therapies, psychodrama, recreational therapy, art therapy, music therapy, adventure therapy, wilderness therapy, and others.

With the guidance of a trained therapist, the client can explore and cope with feelings of anger, hurt, or shame, related to their past experiences, that may have been ignored or pushed away previously.

These are some of the mental health conditions which can be treated by experiential therapy:

Anger management


Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

Behaviour disorders

Compulsive behaviors


Eating disorders


Mood disorders


Relationship and family conflicts


Substance abuse


This therapy may be offered in individual, clinical, and medical settings, including various recovery, treatment, and rehabilitation programs.

27. Eye Movement Therapy (EMDR)

Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) is a fairly new, form of psychotherapy. It was originally designed to alleviate the distress associated with traumatic memories such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). PTSD often occurs after experiences such as military combat, physical assault, rape, or car accidents.

An EMDR treatment session can last up to 90 minutes. The therapist will move their fingers back and forth in front of your face and ask you to follow these hand motions with your eyes. At the same time, the EMDR therapist asks you to recall a disturbing event. EMDR is sometimes used to treat many other psychological problems. They include:

Panic attacks

Eating disorders


Anxiety, such as discomfort with public speaking or dental procedures It appears to be a safe therapy, with no negative side effects.

28. Family Therapy

Family therapy is designed to address specific issues that affect the psychological health of the family, such as major life transitions or mental health conditions. It may be used as the primary mode of treatment or as a complementary approach. It is usually provided by a psychologist, clinical social worker, or licensed therapist. It can help individual family members build stronger relationships, improve communication, and manage conflicts within the family system.

It is short-term Family therapy that teaches you skills to deepen family connections and get through stressful times. It can help you improve troubled relationships with your partner, children, or other family members. You may address specific issues such as marital or financial problems, the conflict between parents and children, or the impact of substance abuse or mental illness on the entire family.

It is a useful therapy in any family situation that causes stress, grief, anger, or conflict. It can help you and your family members understand one another better and learn coping skills to bring you closer together.

29. Horticultural Therapy

Horticultural therapy (HT) is the process by which gardening, and plants, are used to improve both the physical and mental well-being of an individual. It is also known as social and therapeutic horticulture, it has been widely recognized as an effective form of therapy, and physicians were already prescribing walks around gardens for patients with mental health problems. Today, therapists continue to recommend HT for those who are stressed, depressed, recovering from surgery, or other.

In HT, people perform the caregiving role. By tending to a garden, people receive an increased sense of responsibility and purpose. Gardening helps improve your motor skills and being amongst nature has a general calming effect on the soul.

Horticultural therapy helps improve memory, cognitive abilities, task initiation, language skills, and socialization. Horticultural therapists are professionals with specific education, training, and credentials in the use of horticulture for therapy and rehabilitation.

30. Massage Therapy

Massage therapy is the scientific manipulation of the soft tissues of the body, consisting primarily of manual (hands-on) techniques such as applying fixed or movable pressure, holding, and moving muscles and body tissues. Generally, massage therapy is provided to improve the flow of blood and lymph (fluid in lymph glands, part of the immune system), to reduce muscular tension or flaccidity, to affect the nervous system through stimulation, and to enhance tissue healing.

It is usually performed by, a trained, certified medical professional (massage therapist) who manipulates the soft tissues of your body — muscle, connective tissue, tendons, ligaments, and skin. The massage therapist uses varying degrees of pressure and movement.

Massage Therapy has the following benefits:

Help reduce stress

Lessen pain and muscle tension

Increase relaxation

Improve immune function

Eating disorders

At Adarsh Rehabilitation, medical professionals recommend massage therapy to help people cope with the pain and stress of various conditions, such as cancer, heart disease, stomach problems, or fibromyalgia.

31. Meaning-centered Therapy

Meaning-centered psychotherapy is a new therapeutic approach designed to enhance meaning, spiritual well-being, and quality of life.

It is a manualized brief, structured psychotherapeutic intervention to help patients suffering from the loss of meaning around illness. It is designed to help diminish feelings of despair that can be associated with cancer by helping patients focus on the importance of creating, reconnecting with, experiencing, and sustaining meaning in the face of illness.

The meaning-centered psychotherapy aims to increase patients’ sense of meaning and spiritual well-being by bringing awareness to their choice of attitudes, to their ability to connect and engage with life, and to the legacy, they have lived or want to create in the future.

Meaning therapy recognizes the vital role of meaning and purpose in healing and well-being. It appeals to the client’s sense of responsibility to make full use of their freedom to pursue what matters and what constitutes a rewarding future. Within this conceptual framework, the therapist provides a safe and trusting environment that facilitates collaborative effort and shared decision-making in terms of preferred interventions, plans, and goals.

32. Medication-Assisted Treatment

Medication-assisted treatment (MAT) is the use of medications, in combination with counseling and behavioral therapies, to provide a “whole-patient” approach to the treatment of substance use disorders. The ultimate goal of MAT is full recovery, including the ability to live a self-directed life.

This treatment approach has been shown to:

Improve patient surviva

Increase retention in treatment

Increase patients’ ability to gain and maintain employment

MAT provides a more comprehensive, individually tailored program of medication and behavioral therapy that address the needs of most patients.

33. Motivational Interviewing and Enhancement Therapy (MET)

Motivational enhancement therapy (MET) is a directive, personcentered approach to therapy that focuses on improving an individual's motivation to change. Those who engage in selfdestructive behaviors may have little motivation to change such behaviors, despite acknowledging the negative impact of said behaviors on health, family life, or social functioning.

Motivational interviewing (MI) and motivational enhancement therapy (MET) are designed to enhance motivation for behavioral change. While MI represents a broader therapeutic approach, MET includes a specific emphasis on personalized assessment, feedback, and change plans.

In MET, the individual works with a therapist who is specifically trained in this therapy and they concentrate on enhancing the individual's enthusiasm to change the damaging behaviors. MET is useful in enhancing the treatment of conditions, such as anxiety, eating disorders, and problem gambling.

34. Mindfulness Therapy

Mindfulness therapy is a psychotherapy that uses mindfulness to promote good mental and physical health. It can help anyone, especially those who are new to the practice of mindfulness. It also helps people with mental health issues like depression, addiction, anxiety, and other mental conditions.

It is a type of talk therapy that focuses on learning how to be more aware and reduce automatic responses. It is a conversation-based intervention provided by a trained mental health professional to assess, diagnose, and treat dysfunctional thought patterns and behaviors.

This theory is designed to deliberately focus a person’s attention on the present experience in a way that is non-judgmental, mindfulnessbased interventions, whether offered individually or in a group setting, may offer benefit to people seeking therapy for any number of concerns.

35. Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy

Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) is an approach to psychotherapy that uses cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) methods in collaboration with mindfulness meditative practices and similar psychological strategies to help individuals better understand and manage their thoughts and emotions to achieve relief from feelings of distress.

It is designed for people who suffered from recurrent depression and uses mindfulness meditation to teach people about the different modes of mind related to moods. You also learn how to change your attitudes towards these modes of thinking.

The process starts with simple mindfulness instructions, like eating or walking mindfully. Eventually, mindfulness exercises focused on negative moods promote self-care by giving you your thoughts about what to do about sadness and information about your presentmoment condition

36. Motivational Interviewing

Motivational interviewing represents a therapeutic approach that addresses your resistance to change and works to increase your internal motivation to change your behavior. It is a brief person-centered clinical method for strengthening clients’ motivation for and commitment to change.

MI is used for treating substance use disorders, smoking cessation, diet, and exercise, eating disorders, physical health conditions, etc. In MI, the counselor’s primary goals are to express empathy and elicit the patient’s reasons for and commitment to changing substance use behaviors through the discussion of potential consequences of staying the same and/or changing and evaluating where they are right now versus where they want to be.

It helps patients evaluate their goals compared to where they are currently can help reduce ambivalence about change and increase motivation for change.

37. Narrative Therapy

Narrative therapy is a form of psychotherapy that seeks to help patients identify their values and the skills associated with them. It provides the patient with knowledge of their ability to live these values so they can effectively confront current and future problems throughout life, personal experiences become personal stories.

People give these stories meaning, and the stories help shape a person’s identity. Narrative therapy uses the power of these stories to help people discover their life purpose. This is often done by assigning that person the role of “narrator” in their own story.

It involves the client talking about their life stories- or narratives- with the therapist, focusing on ones that are saturated in problems. With the therapist, they discuss and challenge these narratives which may be causing a lot of emotional distress, to overcome them. This therapy is used by individuals, couples, or families.

38. Nutrition Therapy

Nutritional Therapy is an evidence-based approach to maximizing one’s health potential through individually formulated nutritional and lifestyle changes. It promotes the benefits of good, wholesome, unprocessed foods for optimal well-being, as well as the therapeutic effects of particular foods for specific health conditions.

It provides basic nutrition information to the general public and isn’t intended to treat medical conditions. On the other hand, it also instructs individuals on how to use their diet to best support their medical conditions. It not only addresses existing medical conditions but also attempts to lower the risk of new complications.

It is provided by a qualified dietician and can either be prescribed in a hospital or outpatient setting. This therapy may help patients recover more quickly and spend less time in the hospital.

39. Neurofeedback Therapy

Neurofeedback therapy is a non-invasive procedure that measures a patient’s brainwaves and provides the patient with real-time feedback about how the brain is functioning. It’s a type of biofeedback, which is a mind-body technique that aims to help patients gain voluntary control over certain body functions that are typically involuntary (such as heart rate, muscle contraction, or brainwaves).

Biofeedback uses electronic instruments to convey to the patient certain physiological processes happening in their body that they are typically not aware of. Neurofeedback therapy is primarily used to help teach selfcontrol of brain functions by indicating to patients how their brains react to certain triggers.

Over time, patients learn to recognize when their brain is in a certain state. Then, they can learn to recreate the desired state, such as relaxation, or avoid undesired states, such as agitation, in their daily lives.

40. Play Therapy

Play therapy is a form of therapy used primarily for children. That’s because children may not be able to process their own emotions or articulate problems to parents or other adults. In this form of therapy, a therapist encourages a child to explore life events that may have an effect on current circumstances, in a manner and pace of the child's choosing, primarily through play but also through language.

Although people of all ages can benefit from play therapy, it’s typically used with children between the ages of 3 and 12.

Play therapy can be considered helpful in a variety of circumstances, such as:

facing medical procedures, chronic illness, or palliative care

developmental delay or learning disabilities

problem behaviors in school

aggressive or angry behavior

family issues, like divorce, separation, or death of a close family member

natural disasters or traumatic events

domestic violence, abuse, or neglect

anxiety, depression, grief

eating and toileting disorders

attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)

autism spectrum disorder (ASD)

This therapy also encourages the use of language to improve fine and gross motor skills.

41. Psychoeducation

Psychoeducation) is an evidence-based therapeutic intervention for patients and their loved ones that provide information and support to better understand and cope with illness. It is most often associated with serious mental illness, including dementia, schizophrenia, clinical depression, anxiety disorders, psychotic illnesses, eating disorders, personality disorders, and autism, although the term has also been used for programs that address physical illnesses, such as cancer.

Psychoeducation offered to patients and family members teaches problem-solving and communication skills and provides education and resources in an empathetic and supportive environment. Apart from that psychoeducation improves family well-being, lowers rates of relapse, and improves recovery.

It can take place in one-on-one discussions or groups and by any qualified health educator as well as health professionals such as nurses, mental health counselors, social workers, occupational therapists, psychologists, and physicians. In the groups, several patients are informed about their illnesses at once. Also, exchanges of experience between the concerned patients and mutual support play a role in the healing process.

42. Recreation Therapy

Recreational therapy, also known as therapeutic recreation, is a systematic process that utilizes recreation and other activity-based interventions to address the assessed needs of individuals with illnesses, as a means to psychological and physical health, recovery, and well-being.

It uses leisure activities to help people with specific health conditions improve their skills, abilities, overall health, and emotional well-being. Recreation has been found to have therapeutic benefits in (1) physical health and health maintenance, (2) cognitive functioning, (3) psychosocial health, (4) growth and personal development, (5) personal and life satisfaction, and (6) societal and health care system outcomes.

It is beneficial for a wide range of individuals, including those with mental health and geriatric conditions, those with developmental disabilities, those recovering from addiction, and those undergoing physical rehabilitation.

It’s often used to help people who are:

recovering from a stroke

rehabilitating from an injury, illness, or surgery

working to improve motor skills

learning to carry out the activities of daily living independently

being treated for cancer

experiencing anxiety or worry in a hospital setting

feeling isolated or depressed

developing the ability to express their thoughts and emotions

recovering from a substance use disorder

43. Relapse Prevention Counselling

In addiction treatment, a "relapse" refers to a reoccurrence of the addictive behavior, following an attempt at recovery. It is helpful to specifically address relapse during recovery efforts. When a relapse occurs, feelings of guilt and self-blame may only worsen the situation.

Relapse Prevention Therapy is a type of cognitive-behavioral therapy. It primarily treats addiction and substance abuse but also treats mental health disorders like depression, OCD, and more.

It aims to limit or prevent relapses by helping the therapy participant to anticipate circumstances that are likely to provoke a relapse. It can help develop a strategy to cope with these highrisk situations in advance.

In this therapy, participants learn that certain feelings like bored, hungry, anger, lonely, and tiredness are some common triggers for relapse. It also teaches participants to be alert to these types of feelings and to have a plan of action for coping with them.

44. Relaxation Therapy

Relaxation therapy refers to several techniques designed to teach someone to be able to relax voluntarily. These techniques can include special breathing practices and progressive muscle relaxation exercises, which are designed to reduce physical and mental tension.

There are other activities that can promote relaxation, including massage, listening to music, yoga, and meditation. It can help you cope with everyday stress and with stress related to various health problems, such as heart disease and pain.

Practicing relaxation techniques can have many benefits, including:

Slowing heart rate

Lowering blood pressure

Slowing your breathing rate

Improving digestion

Maintaining normal blood sugar levels

Reducing the activity of stress hormones

Increasing blood flow to major muscles

Reducing muscle tension and chronic pain

Improving concentration and mood

Improving sleep quality

Lowering fatigue

Reducing anger and frustration

Boosting confidence to handle problems

45. Seeking Safety

Seeking safety is an evidence-based therapy that’s used to help individuals with their coping skills and to strengthen stabilization, especially for those dealing with the often-co-occurring diagnoses of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and substance abuse. The primary goal of the Seeking Safety model is to assist participants in attaining safety in their relationships, thinking, behavior, and emotions.

The treatment is available as a book, providing both client handouts and clinician guidelines. The treatment may be conducted in group or individual format; with females and males; and in various settings. It consists of 25 topics that can be conducted in as many sessions as time allows and in any order. Topics include PTSD: Taking Back Your Power; Asking for Help; When Substances Control You; Recovery Thinking; Setting Boundaries in Relationships; Creating Meaning; Detaching from Emotional Pain; Coping with Triggers; Healing from Anger; The Life Choices Game; and more.

The key principles of the Seeking Safety counseling model are as follows:

helping clients attain safety in their relationships, thinking, behavior, and emotions)

working on both trauma and substance use at the same time)

A focus on ideals to counteract the loss of ideals in both trauma and substance use

Four content areas: cognitive, behavioral, interpersonal, case management

Attention to clinician processes (clinicians’ emotional responses, self-care, etc.) It can also be used to treat any diagnosis where coping skills and stability need to be improved.

46. Solution Focused and Goal-Oriented Therapy

Solution-Focused Brief Therapy (SFBT) is a short-term goal-focused evidence-based therapeutic approach, which incorporates positive psychology principles and practices, and which helps clients change by constructing solutions rather than focusing on problems.

It focuses on a person's present and future circumstances and goals rather than past experiences. In this goal-oriented therapy, the symptoms or issues bringing a person to therapy are typically not targeted. Solution-focused brief therapy (SFBT) is a future-oriented, goal-directed approach to solving human problems of living.

In this therapy, the prime focus is on the client’s health rather than the problem, on strengths rather than weaknesses or deficits, and on skills, resources, and coping abilities that would help in reaching future goals. Clients describe what they wanted to happen in their lives (solutions), and how they will use personal resources to solve their problems.

Clients are encouraged to believe that positive changes are always possible, and are encouraged to increase the frequency of current user behaviors.

47. Somatic Experiencing Therapy

The term somatic comes from the Greek word soma, which means “body.” Somatic healing therapies fall within the spectrum of mind-body therapies, and they specifically refer to those therapies that work with a bottom-up approach.

It is a method of alternative therapy for treating trauma and stressor-related disorders like PTSD (post-traumatic stress disorder). The primary goal of SE is to modify the trauma-related stress response through bottom-up processing. In this process, the patient's attention is directed toward internal sensations rather than toward cognitive or emotional experiences.

Somatic experiencing therapy may be helpful with aspects of:




Substance use disorders


Chronic pain

It aims to help people move past the place where they might be “stuck” in processing traumatic event.SE sessions are normally held in person and involve clients tracking their physical experiences.

48. Sound Therapy

Sound Therapy uses sound, music, and specialist instruments played in therapeutic ways, combined with deep self-reflection techniques to improve health and well-being. Sound Therapy is effective in not only achieving a state of relaxation but also has a way of moving through blockages in the body. It has been known to help treat such conditions as stress, anxiety, high blood pressure, depression, sleep disorders, pain, and autism.

The benefits of sound therapy are vast, long-lasting, and lifechanging. Sound therapy can relieve a variety of physical ailments, including chronic pain, headaches, and arthritis. It can also help treat mental health issues like anxiety, stress, and depression.

In addition to alleviating mental and physical issues, it is used to increase energy and enhance focus. Unlike other forms of therapy, sound and music are non-invasive, easily attainable, and cost-effective tools.

49. Stress Management

Stress management is defined as the tools, strategies, or techniques that reduce stress and reduce the negative impacts stress has on your mental or physical well-being. A variety of techniques can be used to manage stress. These include mental, emotional, and behavioral strategies.

When stress management is used regularly and in response to stressful life events, we can optimize our well-being. It provides a better way to deal with stress and difficulty (adversity) in your life. It also helps you lead a more balanced, healthier life.

Stress produces numerous physical and mental symptoms which vary according to each individual's situational factors. These can include a decline in physical health, such as headaches, chest pain, fatigue, and sleep problems, as well as depression. The process of stress management is named one of the keys to a happy and successful life in modern society.

Life often delivers numerous demands that can be difficult to handle, but stress management provides a number of ways to manage anxiety and maintain overall well-being.

50. Twelve-Step Facilitation Therapy

Twelve-Step Facilitation (TSF) treatments are a set of semi-structured therapies designed to help people abstain from alcohol and other drugs by systematically linking them to, and encouraging their active participation in, community-based 12-step mutual-help organizations. 12-step facilitation programs are powerful peer support groups that help people recover from substance use disorders, behavioural addictions, and sometimes other co-occurring mental health conditions. It also helps people achieve and maintain abstinence from substances.

Though 12-step programs aren’t the right tool for everyone, they do tend to help those struggling with substance abuse issues acquire new coping skills, feel the support and acceptance of a loving community, transition into sobriety, and foster long-term recovery from addiction.

These are 12th steps: -


Admitting powerlessness over the addiction

Believing that a higher power (in whatever form) can help

Deciding to turn control over to the higher power

Taking a personal inventory

Admitting to the higher power, oneself, and another person the wrongs done

Being ready to have the higher power correct any shortcomings in one’s character

Asking the higher power to remove those shortcomings

Making a list of wrongs done to others and being willing to make amends for those wrongs

Contacting those who have been hurt, unless doing so would harm the person

Continuing to take personal inventory and admitting when one is wrong

Seeking enlightenment and connection with the higher power via prayer and meditation

Carrying the message of the 12 Steps to others in need it helps patients in a variety of ways. Including: -

Helps clients achieve and sustain long-term recovery

Offers clients a peer community of individuals with shared experiences

Provides sobriety tips and techniques from other people’s life experiences

provides consistent access to a judgment-free environment in which to talk and listen